Sangha Trinational Powering Central Africa's Natural Capital

SANGHA TRINATIONAL (TNS), A UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE SANGHA TRINATIONAL (TNS), A UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE

Sangha Trinational Powering Central Africa's Natural Capital

Sangha Tri-National has a low population density, estimated at 0.7 inhabitants/km². This has a direct correlation to the high biodiversity density in the area.

Sangha Tri-National (TNS) is a transboundary forest complex located in Cameroon, Republic of Congo and Central African Republic. It is a pioneering model of cross-border conservation initiatives and development of a forest policy in the Congo Basin. The vast majority (93%) of the forest complex's landscape is composed of highly biodiverse dense rainforest and an exceptionally rich biodiversity of fauna. In the CAR sector, 105 species of land mammals have been identified, including: elephants, gorillas, chimpanzee, antelopes, leopards.  Reptiles found in this Landscape are typical for the region and include crocodiles, lizard, softshell turtle, viper, green mamba. Fish species are little known, despite their importance for local populations.

As Africa's Bio Voice for Cameroon, Dr. Marc Anseme Kamga delves deep into this forest complex and maps out the conservation plus restoration path of transboundary resources.

The Landscape has a very low population density, estimated at 0.7 inhabitants/km², but this varies across the estimated 25 000 people. Two dominant indigenous ethnic groups inhabit the Landscape area: Bantus (predominantly farmers) and pygmies (predominantly forest-centred hunter-gatherers) (Jackson 2004). The major economic activities around the landscape in CAR and Cameroon are: logging, mining, hunting, fishing, agriculture, livestock breeding, gathering, conservation, tourism and trade.

Author

Dr. Marc Anselme Kamga

Dr. Marc Anselme Kamga

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